An obvious reason to learn a new language is to be able to communicate with the people who speak it. This includes both the people you meet when traveling as well as people in your own community. Your trip to another country will be greatly enhanced in both ease of communication and friendliness if you speak the language. Speaking another's language shows respect for that culture, and people in every country prefer it when tourists make an effort to speak the local language, even if all you can say in it is "hello" and "please.此外, learning another language can also help you to communicate with local immigrant populations at home.
Speaking a new language helps you to get to know another people and culture, 因为语言和文化是相辅相成的. Because language simultaneously defines and is defined by the world around us, learning another language opens one's mind to new ideas and new ways of looking at the world.
例如, the fact that many languages have more than one translation of "you" indicates that these languages (and the cultures that speak them) place a greater emphasis on distinguishing between audiences than does 英语. 法国 distinguishes between tu (familiar) and vous (formal/plural), while 西班牙语 has five words that indicate one of four categories: familiar/singular (tú or vos, 视国家而定), 熟悉/复数(vosotros), 正式的/单数(Ud.)和正式/复数形式(Uds.). 与此同时, Arabic distinguishes between nta (masculine singular), Nti(女性单数), 还有ntuma(复数). In contrast, 英语 uses "you" for masculine, feminine, familiar, formal, singular, and plural. The fact that these languages have such different ways of looking at "you" indicates cultural differences between the people who speak them: 法国 and 西班牙语 focus on familiarity vs formality, 而阿拉伯语强调性别. This is just one example of many of the linguistic and cultural differences between languages.
除了, 当你说另一种语言时, 你可以享受文学, 电影, 还有原始语言的音乐. It is extremely difficult for a translation to be a perfect replica of the original; the best way to understand what the author really meant is to read what the author actually wrote.
Speaking more than one language is a skill which will increase your marketability. Schools and employers tend to prefer candidates who speak one or more Global languages. Even though 英语 is widely spoken in much of the world, the fact is that the global economy depends on communication. 在与法国打交道时, 例如, someone who speaks 法国 will have an obvious advantage over someone who doesn't.
Learning another language can help you to understand your own. Many languages have contributed to the development of 英语, so learning those will teach you where words and even grammatical structures are from, 并且增加你的词汇量. 也, in learning how another language differs from your own, you will increase your understanding of your own language. 对很多人来说, language is innate - we know how to say something, but we don't necessarily know why we say it that way. 学习另一门语言可以改变这一点.
接下来你学习的每一门语言都将是, 在某些方面, 稍微简单一点, because you've already learned how to learn another language. +, 如果语言相关, 比如法语和西班牙语, 德语和荷兰语, 或者阿拉伯语和希伯来语, some of what you've already learned will apply to the new language as well, 让新语言变得更简单.
As years of foreign language study increase, math and verbal SAT scores increase. (1) Children who study a Global language often have higher standardized test scores in math, 阅读, 语言艺术.
Global language study can help to increase problem-solving skills, memory, and self-discipline.
People who are fully bilingual and speak both languages every day can delay the onset of dementia by up to four years compared with those who only know one language, 加拿大科学家周五说. Researchers said the extra effort involved in using more than one language appeared to boost blood supply to the brain and ensure nerve connections remained healthy—two factors thought to help fight off dementia.
“我们对结果感到非常震惊," Professor Ellen Bialystok of Toronto's York University said in a statement. 在使用的过程中 ... 两种语言, 你在调动大脑的某些部分, parts of your mind that are active and need that kind of constant exercise and activity, 有了这样的经验，它就会更加强健,她后来告诉中央电视台.
The leading cause of dementia among the elderly is Alzheimer's disease, 它会逐渐破坏一个人的记忆. 目前尚无已知的治疗方法. 心理学家费格斯·克雷克说, 另一个团队成员, said the data showed that being fully bilingual had "a huge protective effect" against the onset of dementia but he added that the study was still a preliminary finding. The team plans more research into the beneficial side-effects of bilingualism.
The Alzheimer Society of Canada described the report as exciting and said it confirmed recent studies that showed that keeping the brain active was a good way to delay the impact of dementia.